Chestnut Oak Rock Chestnut Oak

=Habitat and Range.=--Woods, rocky banks, hill slopes.

Along the Canadian shore of Lake Erie.

Maine,--Saco river and Mt. Agamenticus, near the southern coast (York

county); New Hampshire,--belts or patches in the eastern part of the

state and along the southern border, Hinsdale, Winchester, Brookline,

Manchester, Hudson; Vermont,--western part of the state throughout, not

common; abunda
t at Smoke mountain at an altitude of 1300 feet, and

along the western flank of the Green mountains, at least in Addison

county; Massachusetts,--eastern sections, Sterling, Lancaster, Russell,

Middleboro, rare in Medford and Sudbury, frequent on the Blue hills;

Rhode Island,--locally common; Connecticut,--common.

South to Delaware and along the mountains to Georgia, extending

nearly to the summit of Mt. Pisgah in North Carolina; west to

Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama.

=Habit.=--A small or medium-sized tree, 25-50 feet high, with a trunk

diameter of 1-2-1/2 feet, assuming noble proportions southward, often

reaching a height of 75-100 feet and trunk diameter of 5-6 feet; trunk

tall, straight, continuous to the top of the tree, scarcely tapering to

the point of ramification, surmounted by a spacious, open head.

=Bark.=--Bark of trunk and large branches deep gray to dark brown or

blackish, in firm, broad, continuous ridges, with small, close surface

scales; bark of young trees and of branchlets smooth, brown, and more or

less lustrous; season's shoots light brown.

=Winter Buds and Leaves.=--Buds ovate to cylindrical, mostly acute,

brownish. Leaves simple, alternate, 5-8 inches long, 2-5 inches wide,

dark green and smooth above, paler and more or less downy beneath;

outline obovate to oval, undulate-crenate; apex blunt-pointed; base

wedge-shaped, obtuse or slightly rounded, often unequal-sided; veins

straight, parallel, prominent beneath; leafstalk 1/2-1-1/2 inches long;

stipules linear, soon falling.

=Inflorescence.=--May. Sterile catkins 2-3 inches long; calyx

5-9-parted, yellow, hairy; divisions oblong, densely pubescent; stamens

5-9; anthers yellow, glabrous: pistillate flowers with hairy scales and

dark red stigmas.

=Fruit.=--Seldom abundant, maturing the first season, variable in size,

on stems usually equal to or shorter than the leaf-stems: cup thin,

hemispheric or somewhat top-shaped, deep; scales small, knobby-thickened

at the base: acorns 3/4-1-1/2 inches long, ovoid-conical, sweet.

=Horticultural Value.=--Hardy throughout New England; prefers a light

gravelly or stony soil; rapid-growing and free from disease; more easily

and safely transplanted than most oaks; occasionally offered by

nurserymen, who propagate it from the seed. Its vigorous, clean habit of

growth and handsome foliage should give it a place in landscape

gardening and street use.

1. Winter buds.

2. Flowering branch.

3. Sterile flower, back view.

4. Sterile flower, front view.

5. Fertile flowers.

6. Fruiting branch.

7. Variant leaf.

=Quercus Muhlenbergii, Engelm.=

Quercus acuminata, Sarg.