(sometimes incorrectly called the Scotch fir).
Indigenous in the northern parts of Scotland and in the Alps, and from
Sweden and Norway, where it forms large forests eastward throughout
northern Europe and Asia.
At Southington, Conn., many of these trees, probably originating from an
introduced pine in the vicinity, were formerly scattered over a rocky
pasture and in the adjoining woods, a t
act of about two acres in
extent. Most of these were cut down in 1898, but the survivors, if left
to themselves, will doubtless multiply rapidly, as the conditions have
proved very favorable (C. H. Bissell in lit., 1899).
Like P. resinosa and P. Banksiana, it has its foliage leaves in
twos, with neither of which, however, is it likely to be confounded;
aside from the habit, which is quite different, it may be distinguished
from the former by the shortness of its leaves, which are less than 2
inches long, while those of P. resinosa are 5 or 6; and from the
latter by the position of its cones, which point outward and downward at
maturity, while those of P. Banksiana follow the direction of the
Picea nigra, Link.
Picea Mariana, B. S. P. (including Picea brevifolia, Peck).