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WISTARIA CHINENSIS (_syns W. sinensis, Glycine chinensis_, and _G.

sinensis_).--Chinese Wistaria. China, 1816. This is the only species at

all common in gardens, and by far the handsomest in cultivation. It

justly ranks amongst the most beautiful of hardy climbing shrubs, and is

invaluable as a wall plant, or for clothing the bare stems of sparsely

foliaged trees. The purplish-lilac flowers are produced in long,

drooping racemes in early summer. W. chinensis alba has pretty white

flowers; W. chinensis flore-pleno has not proved very satisfactory, but

when seen at its best, which is, however, but rarely, the double flowers

are both beautiful and showy; W. chinensis variegata has badly

variegated foliage; and W. chinensis macrobotrys is a plant of great

beauty with very long racemes of pale lavender flowers, but they vary a

good deal in colour, those of some plants being almost white. It is a

very desirable variety, and one that when better known is sure to

attract attention.

W. FRUTESCENS (_syns Glycine frutescens_ and _Thyrsanthus

frutescens_).--North America, 1724. This is a very handsome deciduous

climbing species from North America. The flowers, which appear towards

autumn, are bluish purple and fragrant, and borne in erect racemes. It

is quite hardy and equally suitable with the Chinese species for using

as a wall covering. W. frutescens magnifica is an improved form of the


W. JAPONICA.--Japan. A bush-like species bearing white flowers, but it

is rarely seen in cultivation. It is, however, quite hardy, and succeeds

well in the bush state at Kew.

W. MULTIJUGA.--Japan, 1874. Resembles somewhat our commonly-cultivated

species, and has pale purple flowers arranged in long racemes. It is a

very ornamental and desirable species, but the flowers are not borne in

great quantity.

The Wistarias are of simple culture, but succeed best in rather rich

alluvial soil, and where protection from cold winds is provided.

Next: Xanthoceras

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