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Erica






ERICA CARNEA.--South Europe, 1763. This is one of the most beautiful

and desirable of hardy Heaths, on account of the richly-coloured

flowers and early season at which they are produced. In the typical

species the flowers are pink or flesh-coloured, and produced in January

and February. It is a dwarf, compact growing species, with bright green

foliage. There is a form with pure white flowers, named E. carnea alba,

or E. herbacea, but although distinct and beautiful, it is not of so

robust growth as the parent.



E. CILIARIS.--A pretty native species, with ciliate glandular leaves,

and racemes of highly-coloured, rosy flowers. Found in Dorsetshire and

Cornwall.



E. CINEREA,--Gray-leaved Heath. In this species, also a native of

Britain, the flowers are of a reddish-purple colour, and borne in dense

terminal racemes. There are numerous varieties, including a

white-flowered E. cinerea alba; E. cinerea atro-purpurea, bearing dark

purple flowers; E. cinerea atro-sanguinea, dark red flowers; E. cinerea

coccinea, scarlet; E. cinerea purpurea, purple flowers; and E. cinerea

rosea, with deep rose-coloured flowers.



E. MEDITERRANEA.--Mediterranean Heath. Portugal, 1648. This is a

robust-growing species, of rather erect habit, and often attaining to

fully a yard in height. Flowers abundantly produced, and of a pretty

pinky hue. Of this there are several varieties, the following being

best known: E. mediterranea hibernica, found in Ireland; E.

mediterranea alba, with white flowers; E. mediterranea nana, of very

dwarf growth; and E. mediterranea rubra, with showy, deep red flowers.



E. SCOPARIA and E. ERECTA are desirable species, the former bearing

greenish flowers, and the latter of decidedly upright growth.



E. TETRALIX.--Cross-leaved Heath. A native species of low, and bushy

growth, with close umbels or terminal clusters of pretty pinky flowers.

The varieties of this most worthy of notice are E. Tetralix alba, white

flowered; E. Tetralix Mackiana, crimson flowered; E. Tetralix rubra,

deep red flowers; and E. Tetralixbicolor, with parti-coloured flowers.



E. VAGANS..--Cornish Heath. A native species, bearing pinky-white

flowers, but there are forms with white and red flowers, named E.

vagans alba and E. vagans rubra.



The various kinds of Heath succeed best either in peaty soil, or that

composed for the greater part of light, sandy loam, but many will grow

and flower freely if planted in rich yellow loam. They are very

desirable plants, either for bed formation, for rockwork ornamentation,

or for planting around the shrubbery margins. Propagation is effected

either by cuttings or sub-divisions, but seedlings of several species

spring up freely under favourable conditions.






Next: Escallonia

Previous: Ercilla



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Other E Tree Species

Elaeagnus
Embothrium
Ephedra
Epigaea
Ercilla
Erica
Escallonia
Eucryphia
Euonymus