Three men were flying on a plane over the jungle when it crashed. They were the only people who survived. They decided that starting the next morning one of them would go out and make weapons and see if he could kill anything. So the next morning... Read more of Hunting in the jungle at Free Jokes.caInformational Site Network Informational
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Tupelo Sour Gum Pepperidge

=Habitat and Range.=--In rich, moist soil, in swamps and on the borders

of rivers and ponds.


Maine,--Waterville on the Kennebec, the most northern station

yet reported (Dr. Ezekiel Holmes); New Hampshire,--most

common in the Merrimac valley, seldom seen north of the White

mountains; Vermont,--occasional; Massachusetts, Rhode Island,

and Connecticut,--rather common.

South to Florida; west to Michigan, Missouri, and Texas.

=Habit.=--Tree 20-50 feet high, with a trunk diameter of 1-2 feet,

rising in the forest to the height of 60-80 feet; attaining greater

dimensions farther south; lower branches horizontal or declining, often

touching the ground at their tips, the upper horizontal or slightly

rising, angular, repeatedly subdividing; branchlets very numerous, short

and stiff, making a flat spray; head extremely variable, unique in

picturesqueness of outline; usually broad-spreading, flat-topped or

somewhat rounded; often reduced in Nantucket and upon the southern shore

of Cape Cod to a shrub or small tree of 10-15 feet in height, forming

low, dense, tangled thickets. Foliage very abundant, dark lustrous

green, turning early in the fall to a brilliant crimson.

=Bark.=--Trunk of young trees grayish-white, with irregular and shallow

striations, in old trees darker, breaking up into somewhat hexagonal or

lozenge-shaped scales; branches smooth and brown; season's shoots

reddish-green, with a few minute dots.

=Winter Buds and Leaves.=--Buds ovoid, 1/8-1/4 inch long, obtuse. Leaves

simple, irregularly alternate, often apparently whorled when clustered

at the ends of the shoots, 2-5 inches long, one-half as wide; at first

bright green beneath, dullish-green above, becoming dark glossy green

above, paler beneath, obovate or oblanceolate to oval; entire, few or

obscurely toothed, or wavy-margined above the center; apex more or less

abruptly acute; base acutish; firm, smooth, finely sub-veined; stem

short, flat, grooved, minutely ciliate, at least when young; stipules


=Inflorescence.=--May or early June. Appearing with the leaves in

axillary clusters of small greenish flowers, sterile and fertile usually

on separate trees, sometimes on the same tree,--sterile flowers in

simple or compound clusters; calyx minutely 5-parted, petals 5, small or

wanting; stamens 5-12, inserted on the outside of a disk; pistil none:

fertile flowers larger, solitary, or several sessile in a bracted

cluster; petals 5, small or wanting; calyx minutely 5-toothed.

=Fruit.=--Drupes 1-several, ovoid, blue black, about 1/2 inch long,

sour: stone striated lengthwise.

=Horticultural Value.=--Hardy throughout New England; adapts itself

readily to most situations but prefers deep soil near water. Seldom

offered in nurseries and difficult to transplant unless frequently

root-pruned or moved; collected plants do not thrive well; seedlings are

raised with little difficulty. Few trees are of greater ornamental


1. Winter buds.

2. Branch with sterile flowers.

3-4. Sterile flowers.

5. Branch with fertile flowers.

6. Fertile flower.

7. Fruiting branch.

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Previous: Flowering Dogwood Boxwood

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