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The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)

Distinguishing characters: Here there are *three* needles to each

cluster, Fig. 4. They are dark, yellowish-green needles about four

inches long. The rough-looking _branches_ of the tree may be seen

_studded with cones_ throughout the year, and _clusters of leaves_

may be seen _sprouting directly from the trunk_ of the tree; see

Fig. 5. The last two are very characteristic and will distinguish

the tree at a glance.

Form and size: It is a low tree of uncertain habit and extremely rough

looking at every stage of its life. It is constantly full of dead

branches and old cones which persist on the tree throughout the


Range: Eastern United States.

Soil and location: Grows in the poorest and sandiest soils where few

other trees will grow. In New Jersey and on Long Island where it is

native, it proves so hardy and persistent that it often forms pure

stands excluding other trees.

Enemies: None of importance.

Value for planting: Well adapted for the sea coast and other exposed

places. It is of extremely uncertain habit and is subject to the

loss of the lower limbs. It frequently presents a certain

picturesqueness of outline, but it could not be used as a specimen

tree on the lawn.

Commercial value: The wood is coarse grained and is used for rough

lumber, fuel, and charcoal.

Other characters: The _fruit_ is a cone one to three

inches long, persistent on the tree for several years.

Tree Studies

How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias