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Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)

Distinguishing characters: The yellowish brown *buds* nearly as large as

those of the mockernut hickory, _are each provided with two long,

dark, outer scales_ which stand out very conspicuously as shown in

Fig. 67. The *bark* in older specimens *shags* off in rough strips,

sometimes more than a foot long, as shown in Fig. 68. These two

characters will readily distinguish the tree at all seasons of the


Leaf: The leaf is compound, consisting of 5 or 7 leaflets, the terminal

one generally larger.

Form and size: A tall, stately tree--the tallest of the hickories--of

rugged form and fine symmetry, see Fig. 66.

Range: Eastern North America.

Soil and location: The shagbark hickory grows in a great variety of

soils, but prefers a deep and rather moist soil.

Enemies: The _hickory bark borer_ (_Scolytus quadrispinosus_) is its

principal enemy. The insect is now killing thousands of hickory

trees in the vicinity of New York City and on several occasions has

made its appearance in large numbers in other parts of the country.

Value for planting: It is difficult to transplant, grows slowly and is

seldom found in nurseries.

Commercial value: The wood is extremely tough and hard and is used for

agricultural implements and for the manufacture of wagons. It is

excellent for fuel and the nuts are of great value as a food.

Other characters: The fruit is a nut covered by a thick husk that

separates into 4 or 5 segments. The kernel is sweet.

Other common names: _Shellbark hickory_.

Tree Studies

How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias