Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Distinguishing characters: The *bud* is the largest among the
hickories--nearly half an inch long--is hard and oval and covered
with _yellowish brown_ downy _scales_ which _do not project_ like
those of the shagbark hickory, see Fig. 69. The twigs are extremely
coarse. The *bark* is very tight on the trunk and branches and has a
_close_, hard, _wavy_ appearance as in Fig. 70.
Leaf: The leaf consists of 5, 7 or 9 leaflets all of which are large and
pubescent and possess a distinct resinous odor.
Form and size: A tall tree with a broad spreading head.
Range: Eastern North America.
Soil and location: The mockernut hickory grows on a great variety of
soils, but prefers one which is rich and well-drained.
Enemies: The same as for the shagbark hickory.
Value for planting: It is not commonly planted.
Commercial value: The wood is similar to that of the shagbark hickory
and is put to the same uses.
Other characters: The fruit is a nut, larger and covered with a shell
thicker than that of the shagbark. The husk is also thicker and
separates into four segments nearly to the base. The kernel is small
Other common names: _Bigbud hickory_; _whiteheart hickory_.
Comparisons: The _pignut hickory_ (_Hicoria glabra_), sometimes called
broom hickory or brown hickory, often has a shaggy bark, but differs
from both the shagbark and the mockernut hickory in possessing buds
very much smaller, twigs more slender and leaflets fewer. The nut
has a thinner husk which does not separate into four or five
segments. The tree prefers drier ground than the other hickories.
The _bitternut_ (_Hicoria minima_) can be told from the mockernut
and other species of hickory by its bud, which has no scales at all.
The color of its bud is a characteristic orange yellow. The bark is
of a lighter shade than the bark of the mockernut hickory and the
leaflets are more numerous than in any of the hickories, varying
from 7 to 11. Its nuts are bitter.
How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)