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Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple

How to tell them from other trees: The horsechestnut, ash, and maple

have their branches and buds arranged on their stems *opposite* each

other as shown in Figs. 20, 22 and 24. In other trees, this

arrangement is *alternate*, as shown in Fig. 19.

How to tell these three from each other. If the bud is large--an inch to

an inch and a half long--dark brown, and _sticky_, it is a


If the bud is _not sticky_, much smaller, and _rusty brown to black_

in color, and the ultimate twigs, of an olive green color, are

_flattened_ at points below the buds, it is an _ash_.

If it is not a horsechestnut nor an ash and its small buds have

many scales covering them, the specimen with branches and buds

opposite must then be a _maple_. Each of the maples has one

character which distinguishes it from all the other maples. For the

sugar maple, this distinguishing character is the _sharp point of

the bud_. For the silver maple it is the _bend in the terminal

twig_. For the red maple it is the _smooth gray-colored bark_. For

the Norway maple it is the _reddish brown color of the full, round

bud_, and for the box elder it is the _greenish color of its

terminal twig_.

The form of the tree and the leaves are also characteristic in each

of the maples, but for the beginner who does not wish to be burdened

with too many of these facts at one time, those just enumerated

will be found most certain and most easily followed.

Tree Studies

How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias