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Group Iv The Larch And Cypress




How to tell them from other trees: In summer the larch and cypress may

easily be told from other trees by their _leaves_. These are

needle-shaped and arranged in clusters with numerous leaves to each

cluster in the case of the larch, and feathery and flat in the case

of the cypress. In winter, when their leaves have dropped off, the

trees can be told by their cones, which adhere to the branches.



There are nine recognized species of larch and two of bald cypress.

The larch is characteristically a northern tree, growing in the

northern and mountainous regions of the northern hemisphere from the

Arctic circle to Pennsylvania in the New World, and in Central

Europe, Asia, and Japan in the Old World. It forms large forests in

the Alps of Switzerland and France.



The European larch and not the American is the principal species

considered here, because it is being planted extensively in this

country and in most respects is preferable to the American species.



The bald cypress is a southern tree of ancient origin, the

well-known cypress of Montezuma in the gardens of Chepultepec having

been a species of Taxodium. The tree is now confined to the swamps

and river banks of the South Atlantic and Gulf States, where it

often forms extensive forests to the exclusion of all other trees.

In those regions along the river swamps, the trees are often

submerged for several months of the year.



How to tell them from each other: In summer the larch may be told from

the cypress by its leaves (compare Figs. 14 and 16). In winter the

two can be distinguished by their characteristic forms. The larch is

a broader tree as compared with the cypress and its form is more

conical. The cypress is more slender and it is taller. The two have

been grouped together in this study because they are both coniferous

trees and, unlike the other Conifers, are both deciduous, their

leaves falling in October.







Tree Studies


How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias