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1. American elm (_Ulmus americana_)

One of the noblest of trees. Possesses a majestic, wide-spreading,

umbrella-shaped crown; is easily transplanted, and is suited to a

variety of soils.

2. Pin oak (_Quercus palustris_)

Has a symmetrical crown with low-drooping branches; requires a moist


3. European linden (_Tilia microphylla_)

Possesses a beautiful shade-bearing crown; grows well in ordinary


4. Red maple (_Acer rubrum_)

Shows pleasing colors at all seasons; grows best in a fairly rich,

moist soil.

5. Copper beech (_Fagus sylvatica_, _alropurpurea_)

Exceedingly beautiful in form, bark, and foliage and possesses great

longevity and sturdiness. It is difficult to transplant and

therefore only small trees from 6 to 10 feet in height should be


6. Coffee tree (_Gymnocladus dioicus_)

A unique and interesting effect is produced by its coarse branches

and leaves. It is free from insects and disease; requires plenty of

light; will grow in poor soils.

7. European white birch (_Belula alba_)

A graceful tree and very effective as a single specimen on the lawn,

or in a group among evergreens; should be planted in early spring,

and special care taken to protect its tender rootlets.

8. Gingko or Maiden-hair tree (_Gingko biloba_)

Where there is plenty of room for the spread of its odd branches,

the gingko makes a picturesque specimen tree. It is hardy and free

from insect pests and disease.

9. Horsechestnut (_Aesculus hippocastanum_)

Carries beautiful, showy flowers, and has a compact, symmetrical

low-branched crown; is frequently subject to insects and disease.

The red flowering horsechestnut (_A. rubicunda_) is equally


10. Sugar maple (_Acer saccharum_)

Has a symmetrical crown and colors beautifully in the fall; requires

a rich soil and considerable moisture.

11. Soulange's magnolia (_Magnolia soulangeana_)

Extremely hard and flowers in early spring before the leaves appear.

12. Flowering dogwood (_Cornus florida_)

Popular for its beautiful white flowers in the early spring and the

rich coloring of its leaves in the fall; does not grow to large

size. The red-flowering variety of this tree, though sometimes not

quite as hardy, is extremely beautiful.

13. Japanese maple (_Acer polymorphum_)

It has several varieties of different hues and it colors beautifully

in the fall; it does not grow to large size.

Tree Studies

How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias