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14. Oriental spruce (_Picea orientalis_)

Forms a dignified, large tree with a compact crown and low branches;

is hardy.

15. Austrian pine (_Pinus austriaca_)

Is very hardy; possesses a compact crown; will grow in soils of

medium quality.

16. Bhotan pine (_Pinus excelsa_)

Grows luxuriantly; is dignified and beautiful; requires a good soil,

and in youth needs some protection from extreme cold.

17. White pine (_Pinus strobus_)

Branches gracefully and forms a large, dignified tree; will thrive

on a variety of soils.

18. European larch (_Larix europaea_)

Has a beautiful appearance; thrives best in moist situations.

19. Blue spruce (_Picea pungens_)

Extremely hardy; forms a perfect specimen plant for the lawn.

20. Japanese umbrella pine (_Sciadopitys verlicillata_)

Very hardy; retains a compact crown. An excellent specimen plant

when grouped with other evergreens on the lawn. Does not grow to

large size.

21. Mugho pine (_Pinus mughus_)

A low-growing evergreen; hardy; important in group planting.

22. Obtuse leaf Japanese cypress (_Retinospora obtusa_)

Beautiful evergreen of small size; hardy; desirable for group


23. English yew (_Taxus baccata_)

An excellent evergreen usually of low form; suitable for the lawn,

massed with others or as a specimen plant; will grow in the shade of

other trees. There are various forms of this species of distinctive


Tree Studies

How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias