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Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)




Distinguishing characters: The *feathery character* of the *twigs*, Fig.

16, and the *spire-like form* of the tree, Fig. 17, which is taller

and more slender than the larch, will distinguish this species from

others.






Leaf: The leaves drop off in October, though the tree is of the

cone-bearing kind. In this respect it is like the larch.



Form and size: Tall and pyramidal.



Range: The cypress is a southern tree, but is found under cultivation in

parks and on lawns in northern United States.



Soil and location: Grows naturally in swamps, but will also do well in

ordinary well-drained, good soil. In its natural habitat it sends

out special roots above water. These are known as "_cypress knees_"

(Fig. 18) and serve to provide air to the submerged roots of the

tree.



Enemies: None of importance.



Value for planting: An excellent tree for park and lawn planting.



Commercial value: The wood is light, soft, and easily worked. It is used

for general construction, interior finish, railroad ties, posts and

cooperage.



Other characters: The _bark_ is thin and scaly. The _fruit_ is a cone

about an inch in diameter. The general _color_ of the tree is a

dull, deep green which, however, turns orange brown in the fall.



Comparisons: The cypress and the larch are apt to be confused,

especially in the winter, when the leaves of both have dropped. The

cypress is more slender and is taller in form. The leaves of each

are very different, as will be seen from the accompanying

illustrations.



Tree Studies


How To Identify Trees
Group I The Pines
The White Pine (pinus Strobus)
The Pitch Pine (pinus Rigida)
The Scotch Pine (pinus Sylvestris)
Group Ii The Spruce And Hemlock
The Norway Spruce (picea Excelsa)
Hemlock (tsuga Canadensis)
Group Iii The Red Cedar And Arbor-vitae
Red Cedar (juniperus Virginiana)
Arbor-vitae; Northern White Cedar (thuja Occidentalis)
Group Iv The Larch And Cypress
The European Larch (larix Europaea)
Bald Cypress (taxodium Distichum)
Group V The Horsechestnut, Ash And Maple
The Horsechestnut
The White Ash (fraxinus Americana)
Sugar Maple (acer Saccharum)
Silver Maple (acer Saccharinum)
Red Maple (acer Rubrum)
Norway Maple (acer Platanoides)
Box Elder (acer Negundo)
Group Vi Trees Told By Their Form: Elm, Poplar, Gingko And Willow
American Elm (ulmus Americana)
Lombardy Or Italian Poplar (populus Nigra, Var Italica)
Gingko Or Maidenhair Tree (gingko Biloba)
Weeping Willow (salix Babylonica)
Group Vii Trees Told By Their Bark Or Trunk: Sycamore, Birch, Beech,
Blue Beech, Ironwood, And Hackberry
The Sycamore Or Plane Tree (platanus Occidentalis)
Gray Or White Birch (betula Populifolia)
American Beech (fagus Americana)
Blue Beech Or Hornbeam (carpinus Caroliniana)
Hackberry (celtis Occidentalis)
Group Viii The Oaks And Chestnut
White Oak (quercus Alba)
Black Oak (quercus Velutina)
Red Oak (quercus Rubra)
Pin Oak (quercus Palustris)
Chestnut (castanea Dentata)
Group Ix The Hickories, Walnut And Butternut
Shagbark Hickory (hicoria Ovata)
Mockernut Hickory (hicoria Alba)
Black Walnut (juglans Nigra)
Group X Tulip Tree, Sweet Gum, Linden, Magnolia, Locust, Catalpa,
Dogwood, Mulberry And Osage Orange
Tulip Tree (liriodendron Tulipifera)
Sweet Gum (liquidambar Styraciflua)
American Linden (tilia Americana)
The Magnolias